Human body consists of two major types of nutrients. All other nutrients come under these categories . These are :- Macronutrients and Micronutrients .
These are required in large amounts by our body. Our body requires them for energy and for maintaining body structure . There are 7 major classes of macronutrients.
Carbohydrates provide and store energy to the body.
Sources of carbohydrates:- They are found in Legumes and Vegetables such as Potatoes, Corn and Peas. In Fruits such as Apples, Mangoes, Berries , Melon , Mangoes etc . In dairy Products such as Milk , Yogurt and also in different eatables such as Grains, Bread , Noodles etc.
Carbohydrates make 45 to 65 percent of you total daily calories . If someone wants to loose weight ,low-carb diet should be preferred.
They are used to build and repair muscles and bones.
Source of Protein:- They are found in beans , legumes , soy chunks ,dairy products ,meat and the rest.
Vitamins and Minerals
They are required by our body to work properly . Vitamins are further divided into fat-soluble and water- soluble.
Source :-They are found in fresh fruits, vegetables , dairy products , seeds ,nuts etc.
Fibers help in increasing weight. if someone wants to loose weight they should lower amount of fibers in their diet.
Source :- Fibers are highly found in Broccolis , Popcorns , dried fruits etc.
It travels throughout body . It carry nutrients , oxygen and wastes to and from your cells and organs . Human body consists of average 60 percent of water
They gives us energy and helps in absorption of fat -soluble vitamins
Source :- They are found in avocados , peanut , olives , nuts , peanut butter and so on .
They are required by body in small amounts . Basically they are Vitamins and Minerals.
Micronutrients can be divided into four groups:-
- Water-soluble Vitamins
- Fat-soluble Vitamins
They are not stored in our body in excess so get flushed with urine when consumed in excess. They are water-soluble.
Various types of Water-solubleVitamins are :-Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin B3, Vitamin B5, Vitamin B6, Vitamin B7, Vitamin B9, Vitamin B12, Vitamin C.
Various Vitamins are obtained from various foods.
They absorbed along with other fats in the body.
Vitamin A, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Vitamin K are classified as Fat-soluble Vitamins . They are basically present in foods containing fats.
Sodium, Potassium , Calcium ,Phosphorus , Chloride and Sulphur are reffered to as Macrominerals.
Each macro mineral has different function . They help in maintaining healthy bones and teeth and maintains proper fluid balance .
They are required in small amounts but there presence matters a lot.
Hence Traceminerals are classified into Iron , Zinc , Copper , Manganese , Fluoride and the rest .